Glossary

A

Appraisal


B

Backorder


C

ccTLD
A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code.


D

DNS
DNS can be considered as a phone book developed for the Internet. DNS servers have domain names and IP’s that they represent. When you type a domain in the browser, the IP data for that domain will be obtained from the DNS server and you will be redirected to the website where you want to go.

Domain Name
It is often used as ‘domain’ by industry professionals. The domain name is the address of a website. If we use province and street names instead of using geographic coordinates in our daily life, we use domain names for the same reason. Domain names are the names of the IP’s that are made up of numbers. Rather than telling IP’s that potential users can never keep in mind, website owners register a domain and build their sites on it.


E

Extension


G

gTLD
A Generic top-level domain (gTLD) is an internet domain name extension with three or more characters. The gTLDs are managed and operated either by their sponsoring organization and or a registry operator approved by ICANN.


I

ICANN
ICANN stands for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a private, non-profit organization for the management of the Internet DNS, IP Addresses and Autonomous System Numbers, and the structures that underlie them. It runs on an international, multi-stakeholder model.

IDN
An IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) is an Internet domain name that uses the latest ICANN protocols and standards to support domain names written in multiple scripts and languages (non-ASCII characters).


P

Parking
Domain Parking occurs when a domain does not have content. Domain parking can be monetized when registrars put advertising content on pages that have been registered but do not yet have original content.


R

Registrant
A registrant is the person who registered the domain through the registrar, the legal owner of the domain.

Registrar
A registrar has direct relationships with domain name registries and is authorized to sell domain names.

Registration

Registry
A Registry Operator, also known as Network Information Center (NIC), refers to person(s) or entity(ies) responsible for providing registry services.


S

Status Code
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) domain status codes, also called domain name status codes, indicate the status of a domain name registration. Every domain has at least one status code, but they can also have more than one.


T

Transfer
A domain name transfer is the process of changing the designated registrar of a domain name.

Transfer Code
An Auth-Code (also called an Authorization Code, Auth-Info Code, or transfer code) is a code created by a registrar to help identify the domain name holder (also known as a registrant or registered name holder) of a domain name in a generic top-level domain (gTLD) operated under contract with ICANN.

An Auth-Code is required for a domain holder to transfer a domain name from one registrar to another.

Typo Domain


U

UDRP
The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP) is a process established by ICANN for the resolution of disputes regarding the registration of internet domain names.


W

Whois
Whois represents a protocol that is mainly used to used to find details and information about domain names, networks and hosts. The Whois records contain data referring to various organizations and contacts related to the domain names.

Whois Privacy
Whois privacy is a service offered by a number of domain name registrars. A user buys privacy from the company, who in turn replaces the user’s information in the WHOIS with the information of a forwarding service.

WIPO